Liberica is the rarest coffee types. It practically ended up being extinct by the 1990's. Now cultivated just in the Philippines and to a lesser degree in Malaysia, individuals are uncovering this unique coffee. The fruits grow on trees 30 feet tall, and must be harvested by individuals climbing ladders. The leaves and the beans are the biggest in the world. The beans are not balanced, having an unique shape where one half is a little lower than the other.
The taste of Liberica coffee is hard to explain ... at first vibrant and smoky, it ripens in the cup to a mellower profile with rich caramel tones. It shops well and can be brewed as a drip coffee, boiled in campfire design or as espresso. It is getting more difficult to procure Liberica as the world discovers it and supply does not keep up with need.
Called "Barako" coffee after the term for the sugar cane workers who enjoyed this coffee in the Batangas region, just 100% Liberica coffee is the standard Barako coffee. Other euphemisms used by growers who do not utilize 100% Liberica include "Batangas Blend", etc., but if the coffee is not from this region and is not 100% Liberica, it is not the standard Philippine Barako coffee.
Rarest of remaining four species of coffee beans
Largest beans of any coffee species
Known as "Barako" coffee