Liberica is the rarest coffee species. It nearly ended up being extinct by the 1990's. Now cultivated only in the Philippines and to a lesser level in Malaysia, people are finding this special coffee. The fruits grow on trees 30 feet high, and must be collected by people climbing ladders. The leaves and the beans are the largest worldwide. The beans are not symmetrical, having a distinctive shape where one half is a little bit lower than the other.
The flavor of Liberica coffee is difficult to describe ... at first vibrant and smoky, it ripens in the cup to a mellower profile with rich caramel tones. It stores well and can be brewed as a drip coffee, boiled in campfire design or as espresso. It is getting more difficult to procure Liberica as the world finds it and supply does not keep up with demand.
Dubbed "Barako" coffee after the term for the sugar walking cane workers who enjoyed this coffee in the Batangas region, only 100% Liberica coffee is the standard Barako coffee. Other euphemisms utilized by growers who do not use 100% Liberica consist of "Batangas Blend", etc., however if the coffee is not from this region and is not 100% Liberica, it is not the standard Philippine Barako coffee.
Rarest of remaining four species of coffee beans
Largest beans of any coffee species
Known as "Barako" coffee